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Genotype mtbdrplus version 2 manual

comparative evaluation of genotype mtbdrplus version 2 and gene xpert mtb/rif assays to detect mycobacterium tuberculosis and resistance gene patterns in gabon Abraham Alabi 1, Francis Foguim 1. Revised National Tuberculosis Control [HOST]: Giri Prasad Polu, Jasmine Mohammad Shaik, Neela Mani kanta Kota, Deepthi Karumanchi, Uday Sankar All. Hain LifescienceGenoType MTBDRplus version 1. Hain Lifescience GmbH CHF Ready to ship today, Delivery time appr.

J genotype mtbdrplus version 2 manual Clin Microbiol. GenoType MTBDRplus assay. Meaza and others published Evaluation of the diagnostic performance of MTBDRplus VER line probe assay for the detection of MDR-TB in sputum samples referred to. Nathavitharana,a Doris Hillemann,b Samuel G. In earlier studies, the sensitivity of the MTBDR assay for the detection of RIF resistance was found to vary from 95% to 99%, depending on the [HOST] by: GenoType MTBDRplus VER - Your Test System for a Fast and Reliable Way to detect MDR-TB. 1 di 5 Destinatari: Coordinatore, Tecnici e Studenti del Settore Genotipizzazione Micobatteri - EBP Rev. Search Instructions for Use IFU number: The IFU number can be found on the kit genotype mtbdrplus version 2 manual box.e.

DNA extraction was performed with a Genolyse kit Cited by: 2. The Genotype MTBDRplus version assay (Hain Lifescience GmbH, Nehren, Germany) provides rapid and accurate detection of resistance of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) to the anti-tuberculosis drugs rifampicin (RIF) and isoniazid (INH). Oct 01,  · GenoType MTBDRplus assay. The diagnostic performance of the GenoType MTBDRplus version 2 line probe assay is equivalent to that of the Xpert MTB/RIF assay. The sensitivity of the GenoType® MTBDRplus was % for rifampicin, % for isoniazid and % for the combination of both; its specificity was %. DNA extraction was performed with a Genolyse kit. The second version of GenoType MTBDRsl also enables the detection of mutations involved in resistance to injectable drugs as well as the resistance to fluoroquinolones. tuberculosis complex and its resistance against rifampicin and isoniazid from sputum specimens or cultivated samples FluoroType ® MTBDR is based on the innovative LiquidArray technology.

The emergence and spread of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) and extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB) are a major medical and . Daum L, Fourie P. Identification of the M. This involved resuspending the DCS in a ml Nunc tube containing 2 ml of phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) for 15 min, with intermittent vortexing. Nathavitharana,a Doris Hillemann,b Samuel G.

Oct 20, · Two other studies, 15, 24 comparing results of MTBDRplus assay version with sequencing have reported a sensitivity of and %, respectively, for detecting rifampicin resistance and %. The GenoType MTBDRplus (v) LPA is used for the rapid detection of M. mutation probes, are present (GenoType MTBDRplus version instruction manual, Hain, ). 0 product manual. Genotype MTBDRplus version instructions manual. NC_Laboratory Manual Myco Labs_Master__ docx Pg.

The GenoType MTBDRplus assay version (Hain Life Sciences, Nehran, Germany) was performed in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions RNTCPTraining Manual for Mycobacterium tuberculosis Culture & Drug susceptibility testing. 1 of LABORATORY MANUAL MYCOBACTERIOLOGY – LABORATORIES Protocol Title: A Phase 3, Open-Label Partially Randomized Trial to Evaluate the Efficacy, Safety and Tolerability of the Combination of Moxifloxacin plus PA plus Pyrazinamide after 4 and 6 months in. GenoLyse ® allows you to extract highly purified genomic bacterial DNA in only three quick steps. In such a case, a mutation is present, and the mutation is known to be associated with resistance to the drug. In this study, we evaluated the diagnostic performance of the Xpert MTB/RIF and GenoType MTBDRplus (version 2) assays on smear-positive genotype mtbdrplus version 2 manual and smear-negative patient specimens submitted to . Classical drug susceptibility testing (DST) may take up to 2 to 4 months. Operating model l Code of conduct l Ethics Hotline l IP.

The GenoLyse® DNA Extraction Kit permits the fast and easy manual extraction of genomic bacterial DNA from patient specimens, liquid & solid cultures for further use with the Hain GenoType" MTBDRplus Version 2 test. Daum L, Fourie P. If you have not purchased a kit yet, you can request instructions for use here.

The journal’s Editorial Board as well as its Table of Contents are divided into subject areas that are covered within the journal’s [HOST] by: 3. Nov 01,  · In this study, we evaluated the diagnostic performance of the Xpert MTB/RIF and GenoType MTBDRplus (version 2) assays on smear-positive and smear-negative patient specimens submitted to a high-throughput diagnostic laboratory. A total of consecutive specimens were subjected to the two new molecular assays, and their performance. In such a case, a mutation is present, and the mutation is known to be associated with resistance to the [HOST] by: 2.

The IFU number can be found on the kit box. Apr 01,  · This was followed by manual extraction (for MTBDRplus version 1) or GenoLyse extraction (for MTBDRplus version 2) of the entire lysate, as per the manufacturer's instructions. Feb 01,  · comparative evaluation of genotype mtbdrplus version 2 and gene xpert mtb/rif assays to detect mycobacterium tuberculosis and resistance gene patterns in Author: Abraham Alabi, Francis Foguim, Jeyaraj Sankarganesh, Ellen Bruske, Arnault Mfoumbi, Chester Mevyann. To overcome this limitation, the revised version of MTBDRplus was released in with reported improved genotype mtbdrplus version 2 manual diagnostic accuracy in detecting M. Sensitivity, specificity, PPV and NPV of Genotype MTBDRplus VER assay was genotype mtbdrplus version 2 manual determined and P-value. Descrizione modifiche Data 0 Prima Emissione 31/10/ 1 Inserimento protocolli GT MTBDRPlus Ver e .

Nov 18,  · GenoType® MTBDRplus assay, Hain Lifescience (Hain Version 2 assay) Hain Lifesciences have developed an updated version of their MTBDRplus line probe assay. Within one reaction the test allows for the detection. In case the DNA solution is to be stored for an extended time period, transfer supernatant to.

The genotype mtbdrplus version 2 manual positive predictive value of the GenoType® MTBDRplus test for MDR-TB genotype mtbdrplus version 2 manual was % and the negative predictive value %.This assay is endorsed by the World Health Organization (WHO) and used in genotype mtbdrplus version 2 manual tuberculosis (TB) endemic countries to diagnose and confirm Cited by: 2. FluoroType ® genotype mtbdrplus version 2 manual MTBDR VER – Your test system for true MDR-TB testing. The Hain Version 2 assay allows for the identification of M.

GenoType MTBDRplus VER - Your Test System genotype mtbdrplus version 2 manual for a Fast and Reliable Way to detect MDR-TB. tuberculosis and their resistance status against RIF and INH in AFB-negative specimens [31, 64], further supporting the Cited by: Xpert MTB/RIF and GenoType MTBDRplus assays for the rapid diagnosis of bone and joint tuberculosis. The GenoLyse® DNA Extraction Kit permits the fast and easy manual extraction of genomic bacterial DNA from patient specimens, liquid & solid cultures for further use with the Hain GenoType" MTBDRplus Version 2 test. In , the GenoType MTBDRplus (version ) line probe assay (LPA) was endorsed by the World Health Organization. The assay is based on a strip technology, and three steps are involved in the whole procedure namely: DNA extraction from the MTB complex strain isolates, multiplex PCR with biotinylated primers, and reverse. Sensitivity, specificity, PPV and NPV of Genotype MTBDRplus VER assay was determined and P-value. Introduction. Jun 01,  · A new version of the GenoType MTBDR sl test (v) has been developed to improve the detection of resistance to FQ (involving gyrA and gyrB mutations) and to second-line injectable drugs (involving rrs and eis promoter genotype mtbdrplus version 2 manual mutations) in Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

Line Probe Assays (LiPA) IOS EBP-TM Rev. GenoType MTBDRsl Ver instruction [HOST] by: GenoLyse ®. GmbH, Nehren, Germany; Google Scholar See all References]. In phase 1, the results for test strains were compared. Schumacher,c Birte Schlueter,b Nazir Ismail,d Shaheed Vally Omar,d.

Background There is an urgent demand for rapid and accurate drug-susceptibility testing for the detection of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis. 1 of LABORATORY MANUAL MYCOBACTERIOLOGY – LABORATORIES Protocol Title: A Phase 3, Open-Label Partially Randomized Trial to Evaluate the Efficacy, Safety and. Sensitivity, specificity, PPV and NPV of Genotype MTBDRplus VER assay was determined and P-value. 2 GenoType MTBDRplus VER Molecular Genetic Assay for Identification of the M. NC_Laboratory Manual Myco Labs_Master__ docx Pg.

PDF | On Apr 1, , A. Single-tube high-multiplex PCR and subsequent fluorescence-based detection of M. OA COMPARATIVE EVALUATION OF GENOTYPE MTBDRPLUS VERSION 2 AND GENE XPERT MTB/RIF ASSAYS TO DETECT MYCOBACTERIUM TUBERCULOSIS AND RESISTANCE GENE PATTERNS IN GABON Abraham Alabi, 1Francis Foguim, Jeyaraj Sankarganesh,2 Ellen Bruske,2 Arnault Mfoumbi, 1Chester Mevyann, Ayola Adegnika,1 Bertrand Lell, Katharina Kranzer,3 Peter Author: Abraham Alabi, Francis Foguim, Jeyaraj Sankarganesh, Ellen Bruske, Arnault Mfoumbi, Chester Mevyann. Genotype MTBDRplus VER done from processed sputum sediments and the result was compared against the reference, BACTEC MGIT culture and DST. Possible sample material ncludes for example sputum, bronchial material, tracheal secretions, gastric juice and urine samples. Despite this, these assays have rarely been evaluated in China, where the burden of genotype mtbdrplus version 2 manual drug-resistant tuberculosis is among the highest globally. In this study, we evaluated the diagnostic performance of the genotype mtbdrplus version 2 manual Xpert MTB/RIF genotype mtbdrplus version 2 manual and GenoType MTBDRplus (version 2) assays on smear-positive and smear-negative patient specimens submitted to a high-throughput diagnostic laboratory.

Schumacher,c Birte Schlueter,b Nazir Ismail, dShaheed Vally Omar. genotype mtbdrplus version 2 manual ;50(11)–6. Gey van Pittius NC, van Helden PD, Bosman M, Coetzee G, Warren RM.Mar 10,  · Russia is a high tuberculosis (TB) burden country with a high prevalence of multidrug resistant tuberculosis (MDRTB). FULL TEXT Abstract: To evaluate the performance of a recently updated rapid molecular diagnostic test, GenoType® MTBDRplus version 2, genotype mtbdrplus version 2 manual designed to detect drug. tuberculosis complex and its resistance to fluoroquinolones, aminoglycosides/cyclic peptides (and ethambutol).

, DNA extraction, multiplex amplification with biotinylated primers, and reverse hybridization, according to the manufacturer's instructions. To overcome this limitation, the revised version of MTBDRplus was released in with reported improved diagnostic accuracy in detecting M. FIND MGIT procedure manual for Bactec MGIT System. version 2 line probe assay is equivalent to that of the.

Genotype MTBDRplus genotype mtbdrplus version 2 manual VER done from processed sputum sediments and the result was compared against the reference, BACTEC MGIT culture and DST. The GenoType MTBDRplus assay is a promising molecular kit designed for rapid identification of resistance to first-line anti-tuberculosis drugs, isoniazid and rifampicin. Multicenter Noninferiority Evaluation of Hain GenoType MTBDRplus Version 2 and Nipro NTM MDRTB Line genotype mtbdrplus version 2 manual Probe Assays for Detection of Rifampin and Isoniazid Resistance Ruvandhi R. If you have not purchased a . Multicenter Noninferiority Evaluation of Hain GenoType MTBDRplus Version 2 and Nipro NTMMDRTB Line Probe Assays for Detection of Rifampin and Isoniazid Resistance Ruvandhi R. The diagnostic performance of the GenoType MTBDRplus version 2 line probe genotype mtbdrplus version 2 manual assay is equivalent to that of the Xpert MTB/RIF assay.

The GenoType® MTBDRplus test is a commercially available line-probe assay that rapidly detects Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) complex, as well as the most common mutations associated with Cited by: Siddiqi SH, Gerdes SR. OA COMPARATIVE EVALUATION OF GENOTYPE MTBDRPLUS VERSION 2 AND GENE XPERT MTB/RIF ASSAYS TO DETECT MYCOBACTERIUM TUBERCULOSIS AND RESISTANCE GENE PATTERNS IN GABON Abraham Alabi, 1Francis Foguim, Jeyaraj Sankarganesh,2 Ellen Bruske,2. VER Instructions for Use genotype mtbdrplus version 2 manual IFUA Y The GenoType MTBDRplus VER is a qualitative in vitro test for the or your laboratory procedure manual. A total of consecutive specimens were subjected to the two new molecular assays, and their performance Cited by: GenoType ® MTBDRplus Ver assay The GenoType MTBDRplus Ver assay was performed according to the manufacturer's instructions.e.

The Hain Version 2 assay allows genotype mtbdrplus version 2 manual for the identification genotype mtbdrplus version 2 manual of M. Store all kit components at °C. tuberculosis complex and its associated susceptibilities to RIF and [HOST] by: A two-phase noninferiority study was conducted in two supranational reference laboratories to allow head-to-head comparisons of two new tests, Hain Genotype MTBDRplus version 2 (referred to as Hain version 2 [V2]) and Nipro NTM+MDRTB detection kit 2 (referred to as Nipro), to Hain V1. GenoType MTBDRplus version Cited by: 4. Über diesen Artikel Titel Evaluation of genotype MTBDRplus VER. This was followed by manual extraction (for MTBDRplus version 1) or GenoLyse extraction (for MTBDRplus version 2) of the entire lysate, as per the manufacturer's instructions. Possible sample material ncludes for example sputum, bronchial material, tracheal secretions, gastric genotype mtbdrplus version 2 manual juice genotype mtbdrplus version 2 manual and urine samples. Evaluation of the GenoType MTBDRsl Version Assay for Second-Line Drug Resistance Detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Isolates in South Africa manual _novpdf.

Jul 05,  · BACKGROUND: The WHO recently has recommended the GenoType MTBDRplus version and MTBDRsl version assays for widespread use in countries endemic with drug-resistant tuberculosis. The GenoType MTBDRplus (v) LPA is used for the rapid detection of M. In , the GenoType MTBDRplus (version ) line probe assay (LPA) was endorsed by the World Health Organization.

tuberculosis Complex and its Resistance to Rifampicin genotype mtbdrplus version 2 manual and Isoniazid from Clinical Specimens and Cultivated Samples Please read the instructions on genotype mtbdrplus version 2 manual hand completely and carefully before using the kit. In this study, we evaluated the diagnostic performance of the Xpert MTB/RIF and GenoType MTBDRplus (version 2) assays on smear-positive and genotype mtbdrplus version 2 manual smear-negative patient specimens submitted to a high. Barnard M, Gey Van Pittius NC, Van Helden PD, Bosman M, Coetzee G, Warren RM. Store all kit components at °C.

Strategy; People. PDF | On Apr 1, , A. FluoroType ® MTBDR VER – Your test system for true MDR-TB testing. Validation of the GenoType ® MTBDRplus Ver assay for detection of rifampicin and isoniazid resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex isolates at UZCHS-CTRC TB research laboratory.

Meaza and others published Evaluation of the diagnostic performance of MTBDRplus VER line probe assay for the detection of MDR-TB in sputum samples referred to. tuberculosis and their resistance status against RIF and INH in AFB-negative specimens [31, 64], further supporting the ability to use this assay in smear-negative samples. DCS tested on the GenoType MTBDRplus and Mycobacterium CM assays performed well with MTBDRplus version 2 but require increased bacterial concentration for use with Cited by: 3. Jun 03,  · To control multidrug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB), the drug susceptibility profile is needed genotype mtbdrplus version 2 manual to guide therapy. Single-tube high-multiplex PCR and subsequent fluorescence-based detection of M.

Apr 17,  · Genotype MTBDRplus VER done from processed sputum sediments and the result was compared against the reference, BACTEC MGIT culture and DST. tuberculosis complex, and incorporates rpoB probes for rifampicin resistance detection as well as katG probes and inhA probes. Your method for rapid manual isolation of genomic bacterial DNA from patient specimen. Furthermore, the test system offers new features or the detection of resistances to second-line drugs. tuberculosis complex and its resistance to Rifampicin and/or Isoniazid from pulmonary clinical specimens or cultivated samples. Gey Van Pittius NC, Van Helden PD, Bosman M, Coetzee G, Warren RM. The GenoType MTBDR assay, the previous version of the GenoType MTBDRplus assay, has been widely evaluated with clinical samples and strains (4, 14, 18, 20). Board of Directors; Scientific Advisory Committee; Leadership & senior management.

Hain Lifescience, Nehren, Germany ()Cited by: Jun 13,  · In this study, we first conducted a multicenter study to assess the diagnostic accuracy of the new version 2 of the GenoType MTBDRplus test for the detection of Cited by: 6. 1 Pag. CrossRef PubMed PubMedCentral. GmbH, Nehren, Germany; Google Scholar See all References].

genotype mtbdrplus version 2 manual GenoType ® MTBDRplus Ver assay The GenoType MTBDRplus Ver assay was performed according to the manufacturer's instructions. workdays Add to wishlist. Molecular assays for detection of MDRTB on clinical specimens are not widely available in Russia. GenoType MTBDRplus assay., DNA extraction, multiplex amplification with biotinylated primers, and reverse hybridization, according to the manufacturer's instructions.

Nevertheless, diagnostic accuracy of MTBDRplus was excellent in the clinical sputum samples and similar to recent studies where version 2 of MTBDRplus was shown to have comparable accuracy to. Dec 04,  · Genotype MTBDRplus version instructions manual. A two-phase noninferiority study was conducted in two supranational reference laboratories to allow head-to-head comparisons of two new tests, Hain Genotype MTBDRplus version 2 (referred to as Hain version 2 [V2]) and Nipro NTM+MDRTB detection kit 2 (referred to as Nipro), to Hain V1.

tuberculosis complex and its resistance to Rifampicin and/or Isoniazid from pulmonary clinical specimens or cultivated samples. workdays Add to wishlist. A Pilot Evaluation of External Quality Assessment of GenoType MTBDR plus Versions 1 and 2 Using Dried Culture Spot Material Article (PDF Available) in Journal of Clinical Microbiology 53(4.

Sensitivity, specificity, PPV and NPV of Genotype MTBDRplus VER assay was determined and P-value Cited by: Diagnostic performance of genoType genotype mtbdrplus version 2 manual ® MTBDRplus line probe assay in bronchoalveolar lavage for pulmonary tuberculosis diagnosis in sputum scarce and smear-negative patients Farah Idrees 1, Muhammad Irfan 1, Kauser Jabeen 2, Joveria Farooqi 2, Rumina Hasan 2 1 Department of Medicine, Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan 2 Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Aga Cited by: 1. Oct 20,  · Two other studies, 15, 24 comparing results of MTBDRplus assay version with sequencing have reported a sensitivity of and %, respectively, for Cited by: 3. Dried culture spots (DCS) of inactivated Mycobacteria strains designed as part of an external quality assessment (EQA) program for the GeneXpert system has applications to other molecular tuberculosis (TB) diagnostic platforms. In phase 1, the results for test strains were compared Cited by: Feb 10,  · Nevertheless, diagnostic accuracy of MTBDRplus was excellent in the clinical sputum samples and similar to recent studies where version 2 of MTBDRplus was shown to Cited by: Evaluation of genotype MTBDRplus VER line probe assay for the detection of MDR-TB in smear positive and negative sputum samples.

Data analysis The performance of MTBDRplus v2 was described by computing sensitivity, specificity, positive likeli-hood ratio (LRþ) and negative likelihood ratio (LR–) for . The aim of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of GenoType. Your method for rapid manual isolation of genomic bacterial DNA from patient specimen. mutation probes, are present (GenoType MTBDRplus version instruction manual, Hain, ). We performed an evaluation of the GenoType® MTBDRplus assay (HAIN Lifescience GmbH, Germany) on a total of sputum specimens from individual patients at a public Cited by: Validation of the GenoType ® MTBDRplus Ver assay for detection of rifampicin and isoniazid resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex isolates at UZCHS-CTRC TB research laboratory. tuberculosis complex and its resistance against rifampicin and isoniazid from sputum specimens or cultivated samples FluoroType ® MTBDR is based on the innovative LiquidArray technology. A new version of the GenoType MTBDR sl test (v) has been developed to improve the detection of resistance to FQ (involving gyrA and gyrB mutations) and to second-line injectable drugs (involving rrs and eis promoter mutations) in Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The extracted material was then amplified and hybridized as per the standard manufacturer's protocol genotype mtbdrplus version 2 manual for versions 1 and [HOST] by: 3.

The emergence and spread of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) and extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB) are a major medical and. The GenoType MTBDRplus assay is a promising molecular kit designed for rapid identification of resistance to first-line genotype mtbdrplus version 2 manual anti-tuberculosis drugs, isoniazid and rifampicin.1 Inserimento protocolli GT MTBDRPlus Ver e cambio ragione sociale 06/08/ - GenoType® Mycobacterium CM (Hain Lifescience) (see GTBlot Manual). In earlier studies, the genotype mtbdrplus version 2 manual sensitivity of the MTBDR assay for the detection of RIF resistance was found to vary from 95% to 99%, depending on the study. The extracted material.

GenoType® MTBDRplus, Version manual. GenoType® MTBDRplus, Version manual. Your benefits with GenoLyse ®. The diagnostic performance of the GenoType MTBDRplus version 2 line probe assay is equivalent to that of genotype mtbdrplus version 2 manual the Xpert MTB/RIF assay. GenoLyse ® allows you to extract highly purified genomic bacterial DNA in only three quick steps. Background There is an urgent demand for rapid and accurate drug-susceptibility testing for the detection of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis. tuberculosis complex and its associated susceptibilities to RIF and INH. Instructions for Use for Hain Lifescience Products.

tuberculosis complex, and incorporates rpoB probes for genotype mtbdrplus version 2 manual rifampicin resistance detection as well as katG probes and inhA probes. Evaluation of the GenoType MTBDRsl Version Assay for Second-Line Drug Resistance Detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Isolates in South Africa manual _novpdf. Identification of the M. GenoType MTBDRsl VER and VER - Your Important Assistance for Detetion of XDR-TB. Hain Lifescience GmbH CHF Ready to ship today, Delivery time appr. May 01,  · A performance evaluation of MTBDRplus version 2 for the diagnosis of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis. Identification of the M. The Genotype MTBDRplus version test (Hain Lifescience, Germany) is based on DNA strip technology, with three steps, i.

Nov genotype mtbdrplus version 2 manual 18, · GenoType® MTBDRplus assay, Hain Lifescience (Hain Version 2 assay) Hain Lifesciences have developed an updated version of their MTBDRplus line probe assay. International Scholarly Research Notices is a peer-reviewed, Open Access journal covering a wide range of subjects in science, technology, and medicine. Nov 01,  · The GenoType MTBDR assay, the previous version of the GenoType MTBDRplus assay, has been widely evaluated with clinical samples and strains (4, 14, 18, 20). Apr 17, · Genotype MTBDRplus VER done from processed sputum sediments and the result was compared against the reference, BACTEC MGIT culture and DST. The assay is based on a strip technology, and three steps are involved in the whole procedure namely: DNA extraction from the MTB complex strain isolates, multiplex PCR with biotinylated primers, and reverse Author: Stephen Stephen, Donhodzo Muzhizhizhi, Nicholas Dhibi, Tinashe Chidemo, Wadzanai Samaneka, Taguma Al. Data analysis The performance of MTBDRplus v2 was described by computing sensitivity, specificity, positive likeli-hood ratio (LRþ) and negative likelihood ratio (LR–) for RMP resistance, INH resistance, and MDR-TB;.

The Genotype MTBDRplus version test (Hain Lifescience, Germany) is based on DNA strip technology, with three steps, i.


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